The hand of fatima, or Hamsa, It is a very famous symbol used in many countries around the world over the past 1800 years. It is used mainly in jewelry and wall hangings, Although sometimes shown in art.
The hand of Fatima is known by many names: the hamsa hand, hamesh, hamesh, Khamsa, Chamsa, Jemisa, also called the hand of Miriam, named for Moses and Aaron, and sometimes it is related to the hindu hand, Jewish or Arab.
What is the meaning of the symbol of the hand of fatima?
The symbol of the “hamsa hand” It is characterized by represent the design of a symmetrical right hand with five fingers: the heart in the middle finger, on its sides the ring and index, a little shorter than the heart and equal each other, and ends two thumbs, of the same size and slightly curved outwards.
Sometimes, contains other symbols like eyes, Star of David, fish, and others with the intention of strengthening the power of hamsa possessing countless representations. For example: When is represented with the fingers together, serves the amulet for good luck, in the case of own separate fingers used to ward off negative energies, According to popular tradition.
In relation to the above, Muslims relate the five fingers of the hand with the pillars of Islam, While the Jews he attributed the symbolism to the five books of the Torah.
The drawing of the eye that is often found on Hamsa represents the eye that sees everything and refers also to the eye of horus and Turkish. Nothing escapes your vision.
Origins of the hand of Fatima
The Prophet Muhammad, founder of Islam, had a daughter, the beautiful and virtuous Fatima, that Muslims worshipped with great devotion.
The story goes that on one occasion was Fatima very busy in the kitchen preparing the meal when her husband, Ali, arrived unexpectedly. To hear it, Fatima left their chores and went to receive it. However, It was sadly disappointed to see that his spouse was accompanied by a beautiful young concubine.
Prudent, Fatima remained silent and, tormented by jealousy, He returned to the kitchen. But, immersed in dark and sad thoughts, not paid attention to what he was doing: I had a pot to the fire with boiling stock and, more attentive to his sorrow that his job, He put his hand inside and began to stir the stew.
So absorbed was that felt no pain, but Ali saw what he was doing and, horrified, rushed towards it, screaming. It was then when Fatima realized that hand was on fire and took out it of the pot.
It was when her husband shouted when he saw what he was doing when Fatima was aware of what he was doing, because until then his sadness hurt him more than the burn that had made the dish. Wound that was healing her husband.
The next day her husband confessed that he had spent the night with the young concubine. And when he arrived the night of Fatima returned to see how her husband went back to the girl's room and through the slit in the door you could check as he kissed her and she could not avoid a tear falls down her cheek. Then Ali at that precise moment felt a tremendous sadness from the depths of his heart and a tear fell down her cheek.
It was then that he realized the love so deep that it felt by Fatima and pain that was making him spend, Hence, it escapes from the room and left without further up to the girl
Since then “the hand of Fatima” It became an important symbol in the Muslim world. It brings good luck and endowed with the virtues of patience, fidelity and fertility, In addition to its power of protection, especially to pregnant women, for its protection of the matrix.
In the past the hand of Fatima in addition to carry it on an individual basis, as hanging from a chain or bracelet used to hang a representation of it big at the entrance of the House by way of protection of the family or people who lived there within.
For the Hindus and the Buddhists, symbolizes the interaction between the chakras, the flow of energy in the body, the five senses and mudras that affect them.
Each finger has its own energy:
- Thumb-fire element: the solar plexus chakra.
- Aerodynamic element: the heart chakra.
- Middle finger Ethereal elements: throat chakra.
- Annular element: The Earth element, the root chakra.
- Pinky element: Water, sacral chakra.
These energies can be combined to change the flow of energy in the body and heal physical and psychological ailments. In Buddhism, to a lesser extent symbolizes the chakras, but the mudras are however still important. Often used to avoid the evil eye. The evil eye in Buddhism and Hinduism is considered to be the sum of the destructive energies coming from the negative emotions in the world. This is the reason why it is often used on walls or jewelry.