In Buddhism, and in contrast to the definition of the term, compassion is not the feeling of sympathy and pity that feel toward those who suffer penalties, but that sense of empathy and fairness based on the reason toward all living beings.
What does compassion for Buddhism?
Many people educated with a strong sense of the “I”, of “What is mine”"", and accustomed to distinguish it all between “those that benefit us” and “those who make us wrong”, cost a lot of people understand that compassion when they begin to study on Buddhism.
The why of compassion can be explained from several perspectives, but in the end they are different ways of approaching the same reality. Hesse said that <<wisdom is not communicable. The wisdom of a wise man tries to communicate always sounds like madness>>, and probably some of the things that we explain here sound like just that if you're a beginner, madness. Let's try to clarify somewhat the theory from which one must begin.
The paths of these official perspectives of view compassion of a pragmatic mode are equanimity, arise dependent and the cycle of rebirths.
Equanimity, in this context, It could be defined as that State of mind which we consider impartially to all sentient beings, being all equally deserving of compassion. This state of mind is cultivated through empathy, and to do this you simply reflect on the following:
Just like you, all the beings seek to be happy and avoid suffering. There is no one who wants to suffer on a voluntary basis, Anyone who does not want to be happy. Although sometimes, because of the ignorance and the little attention that we conceive the reality, We do not know very well how to attain happiness and avoid suffering, and focus on what this goal not only assures us, but that distances us from it. We intend to be happy, but we do not know how, and along the way we sometimes do things that do not like the others.
The arise dependent
Nothing exists on its own, everything exists according to the mind that indicates it originates from another something about causes and conditions. All that exists is, Therefore, so related that, from a theoretical point of view, one could say that everything is the same thing.
If we take this idea to its ultimate consequences, We get that there is no real separation between our I and the rest of beings. Our “I” It is a fictitious concept created in our minds, to designate our body and consciousness, thus separating it from the rest of the world. A concept created by our ignorance, useful from the point of view of survival, but unreal.
According to the theory of the Renaissance, life is a cycle of stock without beginning or end. We are born, we die and come back to be reborn with another body and another consciousness. All this for an infinite number of times. Not just us, all persons who we know have been reborn and reborn with other bodies and consciences also an infinite number of times.
If we develop this thought, We get to all those people that in our current life we feel affection (our mother, father, Brothers, couple, etc.) were your worst enemy other lives, and current worst enemies are revivals of people in other lives you've felt affection. To summarize it somehow, any thing has been and will be, for an infinite number of times, Your mother, Your father, etc.. How not to feel compassion with those who sometimes has been and will be our loved ones?
Each of these paths leads us to reflect on who we are and how we act with others, being able to gradually develop the feeling of compassion for the budimos and get to be part of the whole.