Among the vast religious literature of the India is difficult to find a more beloved than the Bhagavad Gita book (Dios song).
The book Bhagavad Gita
This little book, in reality it is only a series of chapters in the sixth book of the vast epic of the Mahabharata, probably so popular because it's a somewhat Ecumenical synthesis of the dharma of different schools of Indian thought.
Is for this reason that different traditions, from vedanta, the Gaudiya (vishnuismo), Tantric Shaivism and others, It has embraced and interpreted in accordance with their own doctrines.
On the other hand, modern personalities have had him in the highest esteem: Gandhi called it his “spiritual dictionary”, Einstein praised it by mentioning that the Gita, the everyday world seems superfluous and Aldous Huxley simply defined it as “the enunciation of more systematic spiritual evolution and of lasting value that humanity has”.
The Gita is a poem in the form of a dialogue between Krishna (the avatar of the God Vishnu) and the Warrior Arjuna, in the prelude to the great battle between the Kauravas and the Pandava, two warring clans despite having the same blood, descendants of the great King Bharata, the mythical founder of the India in the Vedic tradition (also called “Bharata”, “The beloved”).
Krishna, the Supreme personality of God (Purushottama), It is presented as the charioteer and counselor of the Pandava Prince, Arjuna, who questions the morality of participate in strife.
The author of the text, as all of the Mahabharata, It's him Great Sage Vyasa, a mythical figure who attributed many other sacred texts, some of them written thousand years earlier and thousand years later, so it is believed that there are many “Vyasa” (the same word in Sanskrit means “compiler”).
Vyasa would have dictated his great epic the God Ganesha, the only one able to annotate their divinely inspired words with the necessary speed.
To while Krishna gives reasons to Arjuna for do your duty beating against their cousins, He gives you a master class of the key methods to obtain the release, the free State of death and suffering (moksha).
This is the fundamental issue of the Gita.
In the Gita we can see the essence that differentiates the religious texts of the India of exoteric texts of other religions: It is not only correct behavior, to continue to worship the divine law, but it is of the way and method to achieve divinity.
Such esoteric and arcane knowledge has hardly been presented more clear and simple.
The path to divinity
Krishna explains to Arjuna to jnana yoga, the Yoga based on knowledge, in the discernment of the mind to see that their identity is not the nothingness of the impermanent and is identified with the.
But even top, seems to suggest Krishna, is the Karma, something that is appropriate for the context in which the story: a battle between cousins.
The karma is the action that follows the duty (the dharma) in a disinterested way, No look at the fruit of the Act (the sacrifice as a fundamental act, total).
Krishna, However, introduces a third method which is particularly dear to him and suitable for the “was dark” It is expected in the future: bhakti — yoga, the Yoga of devotion.
Bhakti — yoga is the praise and attention in a personal deity single-minded fixation.
It is the only attachment to the divine, It entails the detachment to the identity, the personal importance and in general to the world (Samsara).
As if it were, the devout sacrifice his ego in the fire of God.